Why do people put on weight in winter?
The two main reasons that people put on weight in winter are:
Not enough physical activity
Cold weather and shorter days can make it harder to find the motivation to exercise outdoors.
This means you're missing out on your recommended 150 minutes a week of physical activity.
If you are also consuming the same amount of calories, or perhaps even more with heavier, warming winter food, this can lead to weight gain.
Then, of course, there are the annual December festivities, such as work Christmas parties and family get-togethers.
So what's the solution? Here are five simple ways to avoid winter weight gain.
Get active in winter
When the temperature drops, it's easy to give up on being active outdoors. In winter, we might do fewer calorie-burning outdoor activities, such as cycling, short walks and gardening.
Cold weather doesn't mean you have to abandon physical activity completely. Instead, try to fit in what you can, and think about indoor activities, too.
- Even a short, brisk walk can make you feel warmer. It will also help boost your circulation.
- Put on some warm clothes and jog around the neighbourhood. Most leisure centres have heated swimming pools, and indoor tennis and badminton courts.
- If you'd rather stay at home, then buy or download some dance or workout DVDs. Or why not try the free fitness videos from the NHS Fitness Studio?
- Walk up the stairs at work rather than using the lift.
- Try indoor classes, such as yoga, pilates, aerobics and spinning.
Get more tips for exercising in winter.
Stock your kitchen cupboards
Make it easier to prepare a healthy meal by keeping your cupboard stocked with healthy staples. You'll save money and help avoid the temptation to order a high-calorie takeaway.
Healthy store-cupboard staples include:
- cans of tomatoes
- spices and dried herbs
- beans and pulses (in unsalted water)
- dried wholewheat pasta and rice
- no-added-sugar wholewheat cereals, noodles and couscous
And don't forget your freezer. Try these tips:
- Frozen fruit and vegetables are often cheaper, and you can use just what you need and leave the rest in the freezer.
- Batch cook meals such as stews, casseroles and curries, then freeze them ready to defrost when you want a quick and easy meal.
- Bread freezes well, so keep some handy to serve with a healthy vegetable soup.
Here are 10 healthy hot meals for winter.
Find more ways to cook on a budget.
Watch out for high-calorie drinks
Hot drinks in winter can help you keep warm, but remember that some are high in calories.
Putting syrups and whipped cream in drinks adds extra calories and free sugars. Takeaway coffees and hot chocolate can be high in calories, free sugars and saturated fat.
An average medium café mocha from a high-street café chain can contain around 360 calories. This is almost a fifth of your total daily calorie allowance.
Stick to regular coffee or tea, or ask for your drink to be "skinny" (made with skimmed milk). Also, limit your alcohol intake, as alcoholic drinks can contain a lot of calories.
Fill up on winter vegetables
Eating a wide variety of foods ensures you get a range of nutrients, including essential vitamins and minerals.
Look out for seasonal root vegetables – such as swedes, parsnips and turnips – and winter veggies such as cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kale and artichokes. They're filling as well as nutritious and contribute to your 5 A Day.
This recipe for a hearty vegetable soup is a great way to get more winter vegetables into your diet.
Make healthy food swaps
During the festive period, you may consume a lot of foods high in sugar, salt and fat, which can be high in calories.
Try these healthier alternatives:
- Avoid dips made with cream or cream cheese – choose tomato-based dips, such as salsa, mix some chopped herbs into low-fat plain yogurt, or try reduced-fat hummus or aubergine dip.
- Opt for plain rice cakes, wholegrain oatcakes or plain unsalted popcorn with drinks – they're a good alternative to crisps and salted nuts.
- Choose baked potatoes instead of roast potatoes – both are a good source of carbohydrate, but baked potatoes are almost fat-free, and if you eat the skin, you'll be getting fibre, too.
- Choose low-fat plain natural yogurt or low-fat Greek yogurt instead of brandy butter or double cream – or try lower-fat custard made with semi-skimmed milk.
Get more tips for healthy food swaps.
Want to lose weight?
Find out more with our free NHS weight loss guide, or talk to your GP or practice nurse, who may be able to refer you to a local weight-management support service.
Your local council may also offer weight management programmes.